The most important accessory in a wheelchair is the seating system or a wheelchair cushion. Cushions help in the prevention of pressure sores, increase body comfort and support.
The results are remarkable and we have a wide range of products to choose according to the individuals need. At the same time, this huge choice makes it that much difficult to decide on a particular wheelchair cushion.
physical condition and the way of life should determine the type of
cushion he / she needs. Factors like:
Type and extent of deformities
Duration of time spent in the wheelchair
Weight of the individual
ability to transfer Weight
A good wheelchair cushion should contour well into the shape of the buttocks and should distribute the persons weight evenly and should not create any pressure points. Any good cushion should not slip from the wheelchair. If the cushion slips when a person is sitting it could cause a lot of discomfort and undesirable consequences like sores, rashes etc. The wheelchair cushion should also be water resistant and shock resistant to make it comfortable for the user to travel in different terrain and weather conditions.
If you're using a wheelchair, choosing the right cushion is important for comfort, pressure relief, and overall health. Here are a few things to keep in mind when selecting a cushion.
First, consider the type of wheelchair you have. Some cushions are designed specifically for manual or power wheelchairs, while others can be used with either type. Second, think about your needs in terms of comfort and support. Do you need extra padding for long days spent in your chair? Are you at risk for pressure sores? Does your chair need to be adjusted frequently?
Cushions can be broadly divided into 3 types:
A foam cushion is basically made out of Polyurethane. Suits people with good sensation level, skin condition and weight transfer ability. Foam cushions should always retain their shape after the weight is removed. One can use this phenomenon to check the condition of the cushion and replace whenever necessary. Foam cushions are less expensive. The price range of foam cushions varies from $20 to $25.
As the name suggest, this wheelchair cushion is filled with gel on the sitting side. The other side could be foam. This gel has a good heat transfer property. Hence can keep the temperature under control and because of the fluidity, a gel cushion can spread the weight evenly. Pressure points are not created. Check for the fluid condition of the gel. When lumps or inconsistency is found in the gel, it is the time for replacement of the cushion.
are a great option for those who experience a lot of pain when sitting
for long periods of time. The gel material helps to evenly distribute
weight and prevent pressure sores. Air cushions are ideal for those
who need extra support and stability. They can be adjusted to fit
your exact body size and shape. Foam cushions are a more affordable
option and are still very effective in providing comfort and support.
Can be one large air pillow like cushion or could contain a number of small air cells (compartments). Has a good heat transfer and weight distribution property. Check for air leaks regularly. You can apply pressure with then palm of your hand and check for the right amount of air to be filled before sitting. If the air reduces after every usage or daily, the cushion has to be replaced.
It's also important to consider the size and shape of the wheelchair when choosing a cushion. Some cushions are specifically designed for certain types of chairs, so it's important to make sure that the cushion you choose will fit properly.